How to connect to MySQL Server From Shell Prompt? (CLI – Command Line Interface)

How do I access (connect to) MySQL server from the shell prompt (command line)?

MySQL software includes mysql client. It is a text-based client for mysqld, a SQL-based relational database server. It works interactive and non-interactive mode.

mysql Client Syntax:

mysql -u {mysql-user} -p {mysql-password} -h {mysql-server}

Where,

  • -u {mysql-user} : Specify MySQL user name. Use root only when connecting to local system.
  • -p {mysql-password}: Specify password, Employ the specified password when connecting to the database server. If a password is not supplied, it will be requested interactively.
  • -h {mysql-server}: Connect to the specified host (remote or local)

For example remote connect to MySQL server called mysql10.nixcraft.in and user vivek:

$ mysql -u nilesh -h mysql101 -p

Sample outputs:

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5 to server version: 4.1.15-Debian_1-log

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql>

You can type an sql statement at mysql> prompt. In this example, you will list tables from the demo database, run;

USE demo;
SHOW TABLES;

Sample Session:

mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 31855130
Server version: 5.0.77 Source distribution

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql> use linux;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> show tables;
+-----------------+
| Tables_in_linux |
+-----------------+
| linux1          |
| linux1_meta     |
+-----------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> \q
Bye

After typing an SQL statement, end it with ” ; ” (semicolon) and press [Enter] key.

To exit type quit or \q:

quit

OR

q

Sample session:

mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 31853999
Server version: 5.0.77 Source distribution

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

mysql> quit
Bye

Batch Mode:

You can execute SQL statements in a script file (batch file) as follows:

mysql database_name < input.script.sql > output.file
mysql -u user -p'password' database_name < input.script.sql > output.file

Recommended Reading:

Type the following command to mysql command man page:

man mysql

what is connection string in MySQL?
How to connect to mysql-server using username and password?
free opensoure RDBMS MySQL?
how to get help on mysql database administration?
connect to mysql-server using mysql-client remotely?

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